( Numbers 32:1 ) ff. The idea of shepherding, and in specific the idea of God acting as the Shepherd of His people, is a motif found throughout the Bible, from beginning to end. ( Genesis 29:6 Genesis 29:8 ; Exodus 2:10 ) The Egyptian captivity did march to implant a love of settled abode, and consequently we find the tribes which still retained a taste for shepherd life selecting their own quarters apart from their brethren in the transjordanic district. If you do this one thing for me, I will continue to shepherd and keep your flock. "So now, say this to my servant David: 'This is what the Lord of hosts says: I took you from the pasture and from your work as a shepherd to make you leader of my people Israel. ( John 10:3 ) [See Sheepfold, under SHEEP] The shepherds office thus required great watchfulness, particularly by night. "Entry for 'SHEPHERD'". But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd. Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan against the habitation of the strong: but I will suddenly make him run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? At the first sound of his call, which is usually a peculiar guttural sound, hard to imitate, the flock follow off to new feeding-grounds. Whatever his age, the shepherd’s job was to protect his flock and guide them to good pastures with plenty of food and slow-moving, easily accessible water. Goats hunt out the best feeding-grounds, but sheep are more helpless and have to be led to their food (compare Numbers 27:16,17); nor do they possess the instinct of many other animals for finding their way home (compare Ezekiel 34:6-8). “My beloved is to me like a pouch of myrrhWhich lies all night between my breasts. Be on guard for yourselves and for all the flock that the Holy Spirit has appointed you to as overseers, to shepherd the church of God, which He purchased with His own blood. The occupation of tending the flocks was undertaken,not only by the sons of wealthy chiefs, ( Genesis 30:29 ) ff. The LORD [is] my shepherd; I shall not want. He is usually aided in the keeping and the defending of the sheep by a dog (Job 30:1). Shepherds (55 Occurrences) Luke 2:8 There were shepherds in the same country staying in the field, and keeping watch by night over their flock. When you look at the deeper meaning of a word, you can look at the total numerical value in different ways (I only use one). The time for you to be slaughtered has come. For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls. In Bible times the sheep cared for by shepherds represented wealth. The progenitors of the Jews in the patriarchal age were nomads, and their history is rich in scenes of pastoral life. General Editor. For the idols have spoken vanity, and the diviners have seen a lie, and have told false dreams; they comfort in vain: therefore they went their way as a flock, they were troubled, because there was no shepherd. And the LORD said unto me, Take unto thee yet the instruments of a foolish shepherd. As we gaze on nativity scenes and smile at those gunnysack shepherds, let’s not lose sight of the striking irony. Shepherd Your people with Your staff,the flock that is Your possession.They live alone in a woodlandsurrounded by pastures.Let them graze in Bashan and Gileadas in ancient times. 2:8-20). Most often a shepherd is a leader of the nation of Israel. The large number of sheep in the land can be understood when it is realized that Job had fourteen thousand sheep (Job. And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad. Here he watched them all day, taking care that none of the sheep strayed, and if any for a time eluded his watch and wandered away from the rest, seeking diligently till he found and brought it back. When an especially productive spot is found, the shepherd may pass the time, while the animals are grazing, by playing on his pipe (Judges 5:16). and who is that shepherd that will stand before me? “I will seek the lost, bring back the strays, bandage the injured, and strengthen the weak, but I will destroy the fat and the strong. For the Lamb who is at the center of the thronewill shepherd them;He will guide them to springs of living waters,and God will wipe away every tear from their eyes. And I will kindle a fire in the houses of the gods of Egypt; and he shall burn them, and carry them away captives: and he shall array himself with the land of Egypt, as a shepherd putteth on his garment; and he shall go forth from thence in peace. The shepherd frequently carries with him a pail from which the sheep can drink when the water is not accessible to them. Boundaries. The words of the wise are as goads, and as nails fastened by the masters of assemblies, which are given from one shepherd. ( 1 Samuel 21:7 ) [SHEEP]. See Sheep; [http://biblegateway/wiki/Occupations, Trades and Professions in Palestine OCCUPATIONS]. Bibliography Information and who will appoint me the time? In Gen. 48:24, as Jacob, on his I took two staffs naming one "Pleasant" and the other one "Union" - and then I pastured the flock. Moses was the shepherd … Like wandering gazellesand like sheep without a shepherd,each one will turn to his own people,each one will flee to his own land. A shepherd or sheepherder is a person who tends, herds, feeds, or guards herds of sheep. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Often he had to guard the fold through the dark hours from the attack of wild beasts, or the wily attempts of the prowling thief (see 1 Samuel 17:34 ). I will raise up shepherds over them who will shepherd them. of Indeed, you will then be ashamed and humiliated because of all your wickedness. (The Shulammite Bride)“Like an apple tree [rare and welcome] among the trees of the forest,So is my beloved among the young men!In his shade I took great delight and sat down,And his fruit was sweet and delicious to my palate. The progenitors of the Jews in the patriarchal age were nomads, and their history is rich in scenes of pastoral life. Which may go out before them, and which may go in before them, and which may lead them out, and which may bring them in; that the congregation of the LORD be not as sheep which have no shepherd. where is he that put his holy Spirit within him? Salem Media Group. As I’ve written elsewhere, every relationship is defined and preserved by … “Tell me, O you whom my soul loves,Where do you pasture your flock,Where do you make it lie down at noon?For why should I be like one who is veiledBeside the flocks of your companions?”. Then his brothers went to pasture their father’s flock near Shechem. Genesis 13 describes him as having much livestock, herds, and flocks of sheep. Let’s look at the story as written in the Bible to see what we can know about the shepherds. And you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,are by no means least among the leaders of Judah:because out of you will come a leaderwho will shepherd My people Israel.”. "Sheep without a shepherd" typified individuals or nations who had forgotten Yahweh (Numbers 27:17; 1 Kings 22:17; 2 Chronicles 18:16; Ezekiel 34:5,8; Zechariah 10:2; Matthew 9:36; Mark 6:34). Hear the word of the LORD, O ye nations, and declare it in the isles afar off, and say, He that scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him, as a shepherd doth his flock. The image of a king as shepherd is older than the Bible and Hebrew tradition itself. The office of the eastern shepherd, as described in the Bible, was attended with much hardship, and even danger. Nor did his labours always end with sunset. Thy shepherd s slumber, O king of Assyria: thy nobles shall dwell in the dust: thy people is scattered upon the mountains, and no man gathereth them. I will bring them out from the peoples, gather them from the countries, and bring them into their own land. He leads me in paths of righteousness for his name's sake. ); a scrip or wallet, containing a small amount of food ( 1 Samuel 17:40 ) a sling, which is still the favorite weapon of the Bedouin shepherd, ( 1 Samuel 17:40 ) and lastly, a which served the double purpose of a weapon against foes and a crook for the management of the flock. He carries a staff or club (see STAFF), and a characteristic attitude is to make a rest for his arms by placing his staff on his shoulders against the back of his neck. It was accompanied by a snowfall of more than 3 ft., which covered the ground for weeks. Thenceforward in Palestine proper the shepherd held a subordinate position. He will stand and shepherd themin the strength of Yahweh,in the majestic name of Yahweh His God.They will live securely,for then His greatness will extendto the ends of the earth. On the mountain tops the melting snows supply the needed water. When he sleeps he curls up under it, head and all. Sometimes the word "pastor" is used instead ( Jeremiah 2:8 ; 3:15 ; 10:21 ; 12:10 ; 17:16 ). From decades of experience in the barren Judean hillside, Dr. Hareuveni shares innumerable insights into the desert imagery that winds its way through the Bible’s poets and prophets. The chief care of the shepherd is to see that the sheep find plenty to eat and drink. I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep. The wind will shepherd all your shepherds, and your lovers will go into exile. Israel (Jacob) said to Joseph, “Are not your brothers pasturing [the flock] at Shechem? for who is like me? ( Luke 2:8 ) cf. Beginning in the Old Testament, Abraham was a shepherd. As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places … For Israel is as obstinate as a stubborn cow.Can the Lord now shepherd themlike a lamb in an open meadow? With his arm he will collect together the lambs; and in his bosom he will carry them.” ​—ISAIAH 40:11. Psalms 23:1-6 - (A Psalm of David.) The shepherd's equipment is a simple one. Woe to the idol shepherd that leaveth the flock! Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant. Answer: A shepherd during the time of the Old Testament was often, but not always, a child. The flocks are not fed in pens or folds, but, summer and winter, must depend upon foraging for their sustenance (Psalms 23:2). Source(s): Genesis 4:2 But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep. The Lord your God also said to you, ‘You will shepherd My people Israel and be ruler over My people Israel.’”, In all My travels throughout Israel, have I ever spoken a word to even one of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd My people, asking: Why haven’t you built Me a house of cedar?’. ( Genesis 31:39 ) To meet these various foes the shepherds equipment consisted of the following articles: a mantle, made probably of sheep skin with the fleece on, which he turned inside out in cold weather, as implied in the comparison in ( Jeremiah 43:12 ) (cf. Laban asked, “What should I give you?”And Jacob said, “You don’t need to give me anything. Keep your behavior excellent among the [unsaved] Gentiles [conduct yourself honorably, with graciousness and integrity], so that for whatever reason they may slander you as evildoers, yet by observing your good deeds they may [instead come to] glorify God in the day of visitation [when He looks upon them with mercy]. I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine. At night he brought the flock home to the fold, counting them as they passed under the rod at the door to assure himself that none were missing. Despite the lower status associated with shepherding, the Bible typically highlights the shepherd and his flocks with positive metaphors. In other districts it is drawn from deep wells (Genesis 29:2; John 4:6). Zephaniah 2:6 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And the sea coast shall be dwellings and cottages for shepherd s, and folds for flocks. Wail and cry out in anguish, you rulers! And Jesus, when he came out, saw much people, and was moved with compassion toward them, because they were as sheep not having a shepherd: and he began to teach them many things. Like sheep they are headed for Sheol;Death will shepherd them.The upright will rule over them in the morning,and their form will waste away in Sheol,far from their lofty abode. Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers. As I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field, because there was no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock; As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day. He was exposed to the extremes of heat and cold, ( Genesis 31:40 ) his food frequently consisted of the precarious supplies afforded by nature, such as the fruit of the "sycamore" or Egyptian fig, ( Amos 7:14 ) the "husks" of the carob tree, ( Luke 15:16 ) and perchance the locusts and wild honey which supported the Baptist, ( Matthew 3:4 ) he had to encounter the attacks of wild beasts, occasionally of the larger species, such as lions, nerves, panthers and bears, ( 1 Samuel 17:34 ; Isaiah 31:4 ; Jeremiah 5:6 ; Amos 5:12 ) nor was he free from the risk of robbers or predators hordes. Jesus is spoken of as the good shepherd (John 10:14); chief shepherd (1 Peter 5:4); great shepherd (Hebrews 13:20); the one shepherd (John 10:16). In a nomadic state of society every man, from the sheikh down to the slave, is more or less a shepherd. He sometimes carries a sling (qela`) of goat's hair (1 Samuel 17:40). for who is like me? Come, and I will send you to them.” And he said, “Here I am [ready to obey you].”. “Lift up your eyes and seeThose coming from the north.Where is the flock that was given to you [to shepherd],Your beautiful flock? Even while Saul was king over us, you were the one who led us out to battle and brought us back. “I will make you pass under the rod [as the shepherd does with his sheep when he counts them, and I will count you as Mine and constrain you] and bring you into the bond of the covenant [to which you are permanently bound]. Answer: Abel.” Shepherds: Abel, Abraham, Lot, Isaac, Jacob, Rachel, Laban, Jacob’s twelve sons including Joseph (Genesis 37:2), Moses, David, Mesha– King of Moab (Jordan), Doeg, Amos, the shepherds who came to honor Jesus. “Therefore, this is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says about the shepherds who shepherd My people: You have scattered My flock, banished them, and have not attended to them. Later prophets referred to Israel's leaders as shepherds (Jeremiah 23:1; Ezekiel 34:1). Entry for Shepherd in Smith’s Bible Dictionary. The LORD Is My Shepherd - A Psalm of David. My beloved!Behold, he comes,Climbing on the mountains,Leaping and running on the hills! And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in the shepherd's bag which he had, even in his wallet; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine. The frequent use of the word "shepherd" to indicate a spiritual overseer is familiar to Bible readers (Psalms 23:1; 80:1; Ecclesiastes 12:11; Isaiah 40:4; 63:14; Jeremiah 31:10; Ezekiel 34:23; 37:24; John 21:15-17; Ephesians 4:11; 1 Peter 5:1-4). The birth of offspring in a flock often occurs far off on the mountain side. Juv. Sometimes water can be obtained by digging shallow wells (Genesis 26:18-22,25,32). This sermon is part of our series: “Christmas Searches: The Search for the Savior.” And the title for this sermon is: “The Search of the Shepherds” (Lk. It is part and parcel of the metaphors for a king (others include "Father," "Warrior," and "Sage") throughout the ancient Near East and it attested in Mesopotamian texts from a millennium before the Bible began to be written. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. a word naturally of frequent occurence in Scripture. David told Saul, "Your servant has been a shepherd for his father. They will no longer be afraid or dismayed, nor will any be missing.” This is the Lord’s declaration. In the Hebrew Bible it is always called the shepherd of the flock, the sheep and the goats, termed ‘tson’ in Hebrew. This bag is usually a whole tawed skin turned wrong side out, with the legs tied up and the neck forming the opening. The office of the eastern shepherd, as described in the Bible, was attended with much hardship, and even danger. I will give you shepherds who are loyal to Me, and they will shepherd you with knowledge and skill. Then I said, “I will no longer shepherd you. I will shepherd them with justice. NetBible, 100 occurrences in 12 translations, Old Testament (78), Genesis (7), Exodus (1), Numbers (1), 1 Samuel (2), 2 Samuel (3), 1 Kings (1), 1 Chronicles (3), 2 Chronicles (1), Psalm (6), Ecclesiastes (2), Song of Songs (10), Isaiah (5), Jeremiah (12), Ezekiel (10), Hosea (1), Amos (1), Micah (3), Zechariah (9), New Testament (22), Matthew (4), Mark (2), John (6), Acts (1), Hebrews (1), 1 Peter (4), Revelation (4). He restores my soul. A truly remarkable book about the desert and shepherding imagery of the Bible. Let what is dying die, and let what is going astray go astray; let the rest devour each other’s flesh.”. Shepherd derives from Old English sceaphierde (sceap 'sheep' + hierde ' herder '). Roll in the dust, you who shepherd flocks of people! And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd. Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Shepherd, Bible Dictionaries - Smith's Bible Dictionary - Shepherd, Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Shepherd, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. ( Isaiah 38:12 ) In certain localities, moreover, towers were erected for the double purpose of spying an enemy at a distance and of protecting the flock; such towers were erected by Uzziah and Jotham, ( 2 Chronicles 26:10 ; 27:4 ) while their existence in earlier times is testified by the name Migdal-edar ( Genesis 35:21 ) Authorized Version "a tower of Edar;" ( Micah 4:8 ) Authorized Version "tower of the flock." And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd. Christ is also the Great Shepherd (Hebrews 13:20) and the Chief Shepherd (1 Peter 5:4). The office of the eastern shepherd, as described in the Bible, was attended with much hardship, and even danger. Orr, James, M.A., D.D. 4 He will stand and shepherd his flock in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the … The routine of the shepherds duties appears to have been as follows: In the morning he led forth his flock from the fold ( John 10:4 ) which he did by going before them and calling to them, as is still usual in the East; arrived at the pasturage he watched the flock with the assistance of dogs, ( Job 30:1 ) and should any sheep stray, he had to search for it until he found it, ( Ezekiel 34:12 ; Luke 15:4 ) he supplied them with water, either at a running stream or at troughs attached to wells, ( Genesis 29:7 ; 30:38 ; Exodus 2:16 ; Psalms 23:2 ) at evening he brought them back to the fold, and reckoned them to see that none were missing, by passing them "under the rod" as they entered the door of the enclosure ( Leviticus 27:32 ; Ezekiel 20:37 ) checking each sheep, as it passed, by a motion of the hand, ( Jeremiah 33:13 ) and, finally, he watched the entrance of the fold throughout the night, acting as porter. During that time, hundreds of thousands of sheep and goats perished, not so much from the cold as from the fact that they could get no food. "This is what the Lord GOD has to say: "I'm going to allow the house of Israel to ask anything they want from me, including this: I'm going to increase their population as a shepherd increases his flock. (Read More...) I will attend to you because of your evil acts”—this is the Lord’s declaration. I will also break in pieces with thee the shepherd and his flock; and with thee will I break in pieces the husbandman and his yoke of oxen; and with thee will I break in pieces captains and rulers. His chief garment is a cloak woven from wool or made from sheepskins. In the Bible a shepherd is quite often a person who tends sheep. It is usually, though not always, tr. The form is the present active participle of the verb. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep” (John 10:11).