indus meaning in sindhi

Most scholars believe that settlements of Gandhara grave culture of the early Indo-Aryans flourished in Gandhara from 1700 BC to 600 BC, when Mohenjo-daro and Harappa had already been abandoned. Agriculture is sustained largely due to irrigation works. Sindh has been shaped by the largely desert region, the natural resources it had available, and continuous foreign influence. " India," the abstract form of a word derived through the Greeks from the Persicized form of the Sanskrit sindhu, a " river," preeminently the Indus, has become familiar since the British acquired the country, … Found 0 sentences matching phrase "Circumcision".Found in 0 ms. Reported 18 August 2009", "SEPA orders polluting factory to stop production", "Fishing poison killing Indus dolphins, PA told", "Threat to dolphin: Govt bans fishing between Guddu and Sukkur", "Almost all plastic in the ocean comes from just 10 rivers - 30.11.2017", "Export of Plastic Debris by Rivers into the Sea", "Asia flooding plunges millions into misery", "Pakistan issues flooding 'red alert' for Sindh province", "BBC News – Pakistan floods: World Bank to lend $900m for recovery", "BBC News – Millions of Pakistan children at risk of flood diseases", "Pakistan floods: Oxfam launches emergency aid response", Government of Pakistan Pakmet.com.pk Retrieved on 19 September 2011, "PM okays Indus river barrage to mitigate water woes", "Center announces Rs125bn Sindh barrage project", "Government to launch Kandhkot-Ghotki bridge over River Indus next month: Sindh CM", "Restore Pakistan's rivers, handle floods, droughts and climate change", "Pakistan: Getting More from Water (see Page 50)", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law, Indus River watershed map (World Resources Institute), First raft and kayak descents of the Indus headwaters in Tibet, Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting's project on water issues in South Asia, Sanitation of the Indus Valley Civilisation, Inventions of the Indus Valley Civilisation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Indus_River&oldid=1000402099, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from September 2010, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia external links cleanup from April 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Its principal right-bank tributaries are the Shyok, Gilgit, Kabul, Kurram and Gomal rivers. The major cities of the Indus Valley Civilisation, such as Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, date back to around 3300 BC, and represent some of the largest human habitations of the ancient world. Here, the river turns into many marshes, streams and creeks and meets the sea at shallow levels. [62] In early August, the heaviest flooding moved southward along the Indus River from severely affected northern regions toward western Punjab, where at least 1,400,000 acres (570,000 ha) of cropland was destroyed, and the southern province of Sindh. [63] As of September 2010[update], over two thousand people had died and over a million homes had been destroyed since the flooding began. The Indus river and its watershed has a rich biodiversity. There is also evidence of a steady shift in the course of the river since prehistoric times – it deviated westwards from flowing into the Rann of Kutch and adjoining Banni grasslands after the 1816 earthquake. Sindhi political activists have strongly opposed the construction of Kalabagh Dam on the Indus River, calling it "illegal, unethical and immoral attempt" by Pakistan to deny life to the Sindhi people. It flows swiftly across Hazara and is dammed at the Tarbela Reservoir. As the inscription mentions the country Balkh (Bāhlīka) beyond the seven mouths of the Indus, the seven mouths of the ri… [26] The Sutlej, now a tributary of the Indus, in Harappan times flowed into the Ghaggar-Hakra River, in the watershed of which were more Harappan sites than along the Indus. Indus Asia. ... patriotism meaning in sindhi. The Indus passes gigantic gorges 4,500–5,200 metres (15,000–17,000 feet) deep near the Nanga Parbat massif. Sindh has been formed by a mostly deserted area, the natural resources available, and constant foreign influence. [66] The floods caused considerable damage; an estimated 434 civilians were killed, with 5.3 million people and 1,524,773 homes affected. The coastal settlements extended from Sutkagan Dor at the Pakistan, Iran border to Kutch in modern Gujarat, India. Ulhasnagar started off as a makeshift refugee camp after the city of Mumbai was at capacity to hold refugees in 1947. The population of fish in the river is moderately high, with Sukkur, Thatta, and Kotri being the major fishing centres – all in the lower Sindh course. Downriver from around Thakot, Tarbela, the Kabul–Indus river confluence, Attock Khurd and Peshawar the diversity rises strongly, including many cyprinids (Amblypharyngodon, Aspidoparia, Barilius, Chela, Cirrhinus, Crossocheilus, Cyprinion, Danio, Devario, Esomus, Garra, Labeo, Naziritor, Osteobrama, Pethia, Puntius, Rasbora, Salmophasia, Securicula and Systomus), true loaches (Botia and Lepidocephalus), stone loaches (Acanthocobitis and Nemacheilus), ailiid catfish (Clupisoma), bagridae catfish (Batasio, Mystus, Rita and Sperata), airsac catfish (Heteropneustes), schilbid catfish (Eutropiichthys), silurid catfish (Ompok and Wallago), sisorid catfish (Bagarius, Gagata, Glyptothorax and Sisor), gouramis (Trichogaster), nandid leaffish (Nandus), snakeheads (Channa), spiny eel (Macrognathus and Mastacembelus), knifefish (Notopterus), glassfish (Chanda and Parambassis), clupeids (Gudusia), needlefish (Xenentodon) and gobies (Glossogobius), as well as a few introduced species. [23] Heavy rains had left the river basin along with the Lake Manchar, Lake Hemal and Kalri Lake (all in modern-day Pakistan) inundated. Pakistan constructed the Tarbela Dam near Rawalpindi – standing 2,743 metres (9,000 ft) long and 143 metres (470 ft) high, with an 80-kilometre (50 mi) long reservoir. [43], Originally, the delta used to receive almost all of the water from the Indus river, which has an annual flow of approximately 180 billion cubic metres (240 billion cubic yards), and is accompanied by 400 million tonnes (390 million long tons) of silt. Sindhi appliqued quilt Women in the Indus Region of the Indian subcontinent make beautiful quilts with bright colors and bold patterns. In November 2011, satellite images showed that the Indus river had re-entered India, feeding Great Rann of Kutch, Little Rann of Kutch and a lake near Ahmedabad known as Nal Sarovar. [49][50], Vegetation and wildlife of the Indus delta are threatened by the reduced inflow of fresh water, along with extensive deforestation, industrial pollution and global warming. The Indus River provides key water resources for Pakistan's economy – especially the breadbasket of Punjab province, which accounts for most of the nation's agricultural production, and Sindh. In fact, it is believed that suits worn by Michael Jackson, Nelson Mandela, Angela Merkel have been stitched by Sindhis of Hong Kong. The Kotri Barrage near Hyderabad is 915 metres (3,000 ft) long and provides additional water supplies for Karachi. Sindhi culture is rooted in the civilization of the Indus Valley. Analysis of sediments from the Arabian Sea has demonstrated that prior to five million years ago the Indus was not connected to these Punjab rivers which instead flowed east into the Ganga and were captured after that time. From where along with artifacts and modern architectural samples, trading coins were found that gave Sindhis an identity of a peace-loving and money-making community. Another new barrage called "Sindh Barrage" is planned as a terminal barrage on the Indus River. "Lion River" or Lion Spring) in Tibetan, 印度 (Yìndù) in Chinese, Nilab in Turki and සින්දු නදී (Sindhu Nadi) in Sinhalese. The Indus Valley Civilisation extended from across northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India,[25] with an upward reach from east of Jhelum River to Ropar on the upper Sutlej. Over several centuries Muslim armies of Muhammad bin Qasim, Mahmud of Ghazni, Mohammed Ghori, Tamerlane and Babur crossed the river to invade Sindh and Punjab, providing a gateway to the Indian subcontinent. [51], Large-scale diversion of the river's water for irrigation has raised far-reaching issues. It was adopted by the Romans as Indus. Mumbai due to the harbor is where most Sindhis settled. [36] Going downstream these are soon joined by the golden mahseer Tor putitora (alternatively T. macrolepis, although it often is regarded as a synonym of T. putitora) and Schistura loaches. Via Latin from Greek India, from Indos, the name of the Indus River, from Persian Hind, from Sanskrit sindhu ‘river’, specifically ‘the Indus’, also ‘the region around the Indus’ (compare with Sindhi). According to the Historians, Indus Valley Civilization declined due to the natural disasters such as floods but the invasions of Indo- Arians caused the sudden collapse of it. [citation needed], Southworth suggests that the name Sindhu is derived from Cintu, a Dravidian word for date palm, a tree commonly found in Sindh. Kailash) mountain ranges. Circumcision translation in English-Indus Roman Sindhi dictionary. Sindhi Baby Names Collection of 3522 names starting with A - Z, meaning and numerology. Alexander's admiral Nearchus set out from the Indus Delta to explore the Persian Gulf, until reaching the Tigris River. You may know them as papad-eating, business loving miserly, thanks to the Bollywood's caricature stereotyping but Sindhis are known to be one of the world’s largest business communities. [31] The delta of this proto-Indus river has subsequently been found in the Katawaz Basin, on the Afghan-Pakistan border. The Indus Valley were later dominated by the Mauryan and Kushan Empires, Indo-Greek Kingdoms, Indo-Scythians and Hepthalites. It is also one of the many names of Lord Krishna, the Hercules stand-in in the Indian pantheon. [5] The Indus is the longest river of Pakistan.[6]. The Sukkur Barrage serves over 20,000 km2 (7,700 sq mi). Sindhis originate from Sindh situated in present-day Pakistan on the banks of the Indus river. A Muslim Sindhi peasant, a boor, clown, blockhead. It is often joked that almost every Sindhi on earth has some connection to Ulhasnagar. I don't know the answer to that question," he says. Body Mass Index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify underweight, overweight and obesity in adults. [36] The lowermost part of the river and its delta are home to freshwater fish, but also a number of brackish and marine species. Sediment clogging from poor maintenance of canals has affected agricultural production and vegetation on numerous occasions. Indus passes gigantic gorges 4,500–5,200 metres ( 15,000–17,000 feet ) deep near the Nanga massif. Lothal, Dholavira, Ganeriwala, and Baltistan into Gilgit, just south of the river have led the. The Sindhu or Indus river, which is the only river contributing plastic. Reign of Darius the Great leads history 's largest vaccine drive, but opposition plays dirty politics at.. Indus submarine fan, which is the second largest sediment body on the Indus river, the! 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Is planned as a result, damming and irrigation works have been discovered on the river.
indus meaning in sindhi 2021